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Coronavirus - how does it affect migrants' access to housing and benefits?

Get all the information - updated daily - on developments affecting migrants as the governments in England, Scotland and Wales deal with the crisis.

Here you can find news about how to help migrants deal with housing and benefits problems and any important changes in the relevant rules.

  • Rough sleeping - England. For the second lockdown, on November 5 the government announced a 'Protect Programme' to run alongside the earlier 'Everyone In' scheme, with £15 million of additional funding. The government says it has spent £700 million this year in total. Also on this issue:
    • In the housing rights July newsletter (pdf), Liz Davies explains (second article) help available for those not eligible for homeless assistance.
    • NRPF Network has guidance for local authorities (pdf) who give support to people who don't have access to public funds.
    • NACCOM has a guide (pdf, March 30) to working with councils to help rough sleepers with NRPF.
    • Project 17 can help with short-term hotel accommodation where people with NRPF are refused help and are challenging the refusal.
    • A House of Commons briefing on how people are affected by NRPF.
  • Rough sleeping - Scotland and Wales. The Scottish Government provided £350 million of funding for community wellbeing and a specific £300,000 for rough sleeper accommodation in hotels. COSLA issued detailed advice for local authorities in Scotland on NRPF and rough sleeping. The Welsh Government provided funding and asked local authorities to utilise alternative powers to help people 'regardless of their immigration status'. Guidance was issued (pdf) on April 28. A research report on what can be done in Wales to help people with NRPF has also been published by the Welsh Government.
  • Right to rent checks (England). The temporary arrangements during the pandemic, whereby landlords no longer needed to see original documents, end from September 1 (previously this was June 20). From that date, landlords have to see original documents or make checks through the online service. Government guidance was revised on June 18. There is no requirement to carry out retrospective checks on those who had a COVID-19 adjusted check between March 30 2020 and August 31 2021 (inclusive).
  • Evictions (England & Wales). The ban on evictions using bailiffs in England ended on May 31 (in Wales it continues until the end of July). Starting on June 1 in England, a four-month notice period will apply until the end of September. From October 1, notice periods will return to what they were pre-pandemic. A press notice on May 12 gave details. Nearly Legal and the BBC helpfully explain the changes. Other points are that:
  • Evictions (Scotland). The Coronavirus (Scotland) Act temporarily increases the minimum period for eviction from three months to six months, except for certain cases such as criminal or antisocial behaviour and abandonment. The Tribunal has also been given temporary discretion over all grounds for eviction from private tenancies are discretionary, allowing individual circumstances to be taken into account.CIH has a guide (pdf) on protection from eviction (updated in 2021).
  • Private rented tenancies. The NRLA produces a range of guides for landlords on managing private tenancies during the pandemic. CIH has a good practice guide on maintaining tenancies during the crisis (pdf, January 2021). It applies across the UK. The Scottish Government has created interest-free loans to help tenants in hardship due to Covid, providing they were not in arrears before the pandemic.
  • Benefits and pensions. Some measures to simplify access to benefits and pensions have been introduced via temporary benefit regulations . The website has a summary of measures to support benefit claimants. A CIH fact sheet (pdf, December 2020) explains the measures. Citizens Advice have guidance on applying for universal credit in 14 different languages.
  • Asylum accommodation. On April 23 the Home Office started to process cases for possible cessation of support from those failed asylum seekers who are currently in receipt of support under Section 95. It has not yet started the process of reviewing and stopping the support of people on s4 support who it no longer believes to be eligible.  However, also on April 23, the courts ordered the lifting of an injunction which has been preventing the re-start of s4 cessation decisions. In theory, this means that the HO can re-start s4 cessation decisions immediately but, in practice, continued ongoing litigation on the matter means that the HO may continue to hold off s4 cessation decisions until the relevant case is heard in early May. Changes in rules about asylum support are frequent and the Asylum Support Appeals Project is a good source of information.
  • Other asylum seeker issues. Right to Remain has an advice page on all asylum issues during the pandemic, updated in April. Guidance for asylum seekers and those supporting them is available from ASAP. The Refugee Council also has a news page which is regularly updated. Casework advice on asylum support can also be obtained from Refugee Action.
  • EU Settlement Scheme applications - see the Brexit page for details of changes during the crisis period.
  • Translated guidance on Covid 19. Doctors of the World have provided UK-wide guidance for patients about the virus in more than 60 different languages (remember that DotW have clinics in London where migrants can get assistance without being asked about their immigration status).
  • Hostels and day centres. There is government guidance for hostel or day centre providers of services for people in England experiencing rough sleeping. Welsh Government guidance is here and Scottish Government guidance here (pdf). CIH has produced good practice guidance (updated December 2020) for those running night shelters (pdf) and also for those running temporary accommodation and day centres for rough sleepers (pdf).
  • Domestic abuse victims may not receive the help they need. As the risk of domestic violence increases, refuges may either be full or may turn away migrant women with no access to public funds. Resources which may help include:
  • Modern slavery victims. The Salvation Army continues to provide support to victims of modern slavery through the Victim Care Contract (VCC). It has been confirmed by the Home Office that they are taking a flexible approach through existing policies, such as the extension request mechanism and Recovery Needs Assessments (RNAs). A minimum of 45 calendar days of VCC ‘move-on’ support will be maintained for confirmed victims following their receipt of a positive Conclusive Grounds (CG) decision and the extension request process remains in place for individuals in receipt of a negative CG decision who require longer to exit support.
  • Visa extensions. Visas are extended for those unable to return home during the crisis.
  • Refugee resettlement was suspended in 2020 but is intended to be resumed in 2021. This has not yet happened.
  • Free schools meals have been extended to a wider range of families including those with NRPF. Project 17 has a user-friendly information sheet and application letter.
  • Emergency grant funding - voluntary groups. Crisis has a UK-wide fund to assist groups working in the homelessness sector during the crisis. There is a lengthy list of organisations of all types offering grants during the crisis at GrantsOnline.
  • Advice for migrants who do not have long-term leave. The government has a page of brief points of advice for migrants on health, housing, etc. (updated November 2020).
  • Health needs. Official guidance on the health needs of migrants during the pandemic.
  • Official sources of information
  • Other national sources of information

Please let us know of any developments that should be posted here (email with any suggestions).

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